The Quilietti Family

Your Quilietti family heritage

BRATTESANI, Giuseppe c 1810 – first to arrive

Giuseppe Brattesani was one of the very first of the Brattesani family  to arrive in the U.K.   He came in through the Port of Dover in the year 1834 with a band of travelling musicians with surnames that are familiar to us.  Not unusual as they were intertwined from back home in the villages of Parma.

 So well before the Unification of Italy, when we believed the family left Italy, do we find  this band of Italians were moving from their homeland to try and establish themselves abroad.  Travelling with Giuseppe Brattesani are Giovanmaria Cardinale and  Giolomo Zanrae.    The Cardinale family and Zanrae are both from The Borgotora region of Parma and have many branches connected with our own.

Giuseppe Brattesani, Musician with his band of musicians

The Napoleonic wars left Northern Italy with a destroyed agriculture and consequently many farmers were forced to emigrate: a few thousand moved to the British isles in the first half of the nineteenth century.

From the 1820s to 1851 there were over 4000 Italian immigrants in England, with 50% of them living in London. The regional origins of most were from  the valleys around Como, and Lucca. The people from Como were skilled artisans, making barometers and other precision instruments. People from Lucca specialized in plaster figure making.  By the 1870s the regional origins of Italian emigration to England and Scotland were the valleys of Parma in the North of Italy  and the Liri valley, half way between Rome and Naples.

A railway network had been started in Italy  by this time and this helped the people from the Liri valley to migrate to the North of Italy, and then on to Britain. The people from Parma were predominantly organ grinders, while the Neapolitans from the Liri valley (now under Lazio) made ice cream .the occupational structure of the immigrants, up to the 1870s, remained “substantially the same.” After this date all itinerant employment crossed regional demarcations.  The centre of the Italian community in Britain throughout the 19th Century, and indeed to the present day, is ‘Little Italy’ situated in a part of London called Clerkenwell.  A good description of its existence can be found  from an 1854 print, is of a “warren of streets around Hatton Garden.” Dickens’ Oliver Twist and Gustave Dore’s prints of London at that time fill in the images.   As numbers increased and competition grew fiercer, so Italians spread to the north of England, Wales and Scotland. They were never in great numbers in the Northern cities of England.  For example, the Italian Consul General in Liverpool, in 1891, is quoted as saying that the majority of the 80-100 Italians in the city were organ grinders and street sellers of ice-cream and plaster statues.

And that the 500-600 Italians in Manchester included mostly Terrazzo specialists, plasterers and modellers working on the prestigious, new town hall. While in Sheffield 100-150 Italians made cutlery…..of the 1000 or so Italians in Wales at the end of the 19th century a third of them worked as seamen on British ships, a third worked in jobs that serviced shipping, such as ships chandlers, seamen’s lodgings etc., and most of the rest worked in the coal mines.

By  1861 there were only  119 Italians in Scotland, the majority of them in Glasgow. By 1901 the Italian population was 4051. By this time the Italian communities were becoming more affluent. The Italian Scottish community or Scots\Italians as they are now called,  were almost all engaged in small food shops – either ice cream shops or fish restaurants”

 

1861 – Another Giuseppe Brattesani, age 29  – this time   in Middlesex, London, still with the occupation of Musician .  No proof but must assume that this Giuseppe with brothers Luigi and Marco are descended from Giuseppe 1810.  These Brattesani brothers were all born in Italy – so perhaps they came later with other branches of the family.  Giuseppe went on to Marry a girl maiden name Fanny…… They lived at 31/2 Lunham’s Buildings, Kingston Upon Hull. We know that he  died prematurely in  1907.  In the 1901 English Census they have no children listed.

 

1861

Joe Brattesani with brothers Luigi and Marco. Luigi was born 1831, Marco born 1846 and there was also Francesco who was born in 1833 who is not shown at this address at that time.

Location

 

Background

In the early 1800s the Italians who arrived in London were affluent, skilled craftsmen who manufactured thermometers, telescopes and optical instruments. Following the Napoleonic Wars more Italian migrants arrived driven by terrible economic conditions. Most were poor and unskilled and travelled to London on foot. Organ grinding and knife grinding were common trades, as was making plaster statuettes with many of the craftsmen coming from Lucca in Tuscany.

Ice-cream selling soon took off and as the men brought their spouses over to join them more Italian restaurants and cafes opened. The women also became domestic servants and got involved in lace manufacture. Others chose street entertainment and made money singing and dancing or telling fortunes by means of parakeets in cages.

Location
The area known as Little Italy covered north and south of Clerkenwell RoadRosebery Avenue and Farringdon Road were the boundaries in the north and the south took in the streets and alleyways around Saffron Hill, Leather Lane and parts of Hatton Garden.
Leather Lane has had a market for 300 years but when the Italians arrived in the nineteenth century it was run down. By 1850 there were over 1,000 Italians in Clerkenwell living in densely-populated, slum-ridden streets. The area was made famous by Charles Dickens in “Oliver Twist” as The Artful Dodger took Oliver there to meet Fagan who had rooms on Saffron Hill.

‘okey-Pokey Man
By the 1880s the Ice-Cream Man or ‘okey-Pokey Man was a common sight and usually came from Saffron Hill. The colloquial name came from his cry of Ecco un poco! meaning ‘Here’s a little (taste)’. Itinerant trades continued to be popular and by the 1890s there were 900 ice-cream sellers in the area.
The Italian consul published a report in 1895 estimating there were 12,000 Italians in London with southern Italians traditionally making their home in Little Italy while those from farther north were establishing a newer base in Soho.

Further North

1871  Francesco Brattesani  in 1871 living at 46 Spencer Street, Myton, in Yorkshire with his wife Madalene, who was born at sea and their son Frederick who was born in Hull please note the spelling of the name as Brattezani.

Musician

 

Second Page of the 1871 English census

 

Francesco Brattesani by 1891 is living in Sculcoats in Yorkshire

1891

Street Musician in London c 1870

 

an early Hokey Pokey Man, London

 

The 1911 English Census shows us one interesting find, that Luigi’s son Frederick is not in the confectionery business, like so many others in the family, but he is working in the Docks in Hull

Working in the Docks. Frederick has been married for 16 years and is working for a Railway company in Hull in Yorkshire.

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